characteristics, early marriage, young women


The prevalence of marriage in Indonesia is quite high. Most of the perpetrators of early marriage come from rural areas and are triggered by many factors. Some of these triggering factors come from the lack of knowledge and attitudes of early marriage actors. In addition, early marriage is also triggered by external factors such as community culture, poverty, family roles, and dropping out of school. The purpose of this study is to explore the background of young women who are perpetrators of early marriage. This study uses a qualitative approach with a variety of phenomenology. Field data collection was carried out in January - February 2020. Researchers conducted research in Ponjong and Playen Districts, Gunungkidul Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region Province. Field data collection was carried out through semi-structured in-depth interviews and observations. Researchers triangulated sources and methods to ensure the validity of field data. Data analysis and presentation adopt data analysis from Miles and Huberman. Field findings show that the majority of young women who marry early come from complete families, have low economic backgrounds, live in villages, and whose parents are not married under the age of 18. The majority of cases of early marriage are caused by the occurrence of pregnancies outside of marriage, lack of bonding between parents and adolescents, lack of knowledge related to reproductive health, motivation to find an older boyfriend, and often given money for snacks. Early marriage can be prevented by increasing the role of parents in interacting with children to create bonding with children, providing reproductive health education, and efforts to improve family welfare from relevant stakeholders.

Keywords: Characteristics, Early marriage, Young women


Download data is not yet available.


Dinas Pemberdayaan Perempuan, P. A. dan P. P. D. (2019). Data Gender dan Anak Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Tahun 2019. Yogyakarta.

Hadna, & Sumini. (2017). Kebijakan Pendewasaan Usia Kawin Pertama di Gunung Kidul. Policy Brief. No.32/PB/2017. Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan UGM.

Hardianti, R., & Nurwati, N. (2020). Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Pernikahan Dini Pada Perempuan. Focus : Jurnal Pekerjaan Sosial, 3(2), 111–120.

Hotchkiss, D. R., Godha, D., Gage, A. J., & Cappa, C. (2016). Risk factors associated with the practice of child marriage among Roma girls in Serbia Health and human rights of marginalized populations. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 16(1), 1–10.

Indonesia Ministry of National Development Planning, & UNICEF. (2017). SDG Baseline Report on Children in Indonesia - Indonesia | ReliefWeb. Retrieved February 7, 2022, from

Indrianingsih, I., Nurafifah, F., & Januarti, L. (2020). Analisis Dampak Pernikahan Usia Dini dan Upaya Pencegahan di Desa Janapria. Jurnal Warta Desa (JWD), 2(1), 16–26.

Judiasih, S., Afriana, Y., & Rubiatai, K. (2018). Perkawinan Bawah Umur di Indonesia. (D. Sumayyah, Ed.). Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.

Khoiri, A. (2020). Pernikahan Dini Dalam Tinjauan Undang-Undang Dan Psikologi. Falsafah : Jurnal Kajian Filsafat, Teologi Dan Humaniora, 6(1), 39–49.

Kyilleh, J. M., Tabong, P. T. N., & Konlaan, B. B. (2018). Adolescents’ reproductive health knowledge, choices and factors affecting reproductive health choices: a qualitative study in the West Gonja District in Northern region, Ghana. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 18(1).

Mangande, J. A. S., Desi, D., & Lahade, J. R. (2021). Kualitas Pernikahan dan Status Kesehatan Mental pada Perempuan yang Menikah Usia Dini. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa (JKJ): Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia, 9(2), 293–310.

Mubasyaroh. (2016). Analisis Faktor Penyebab Pernikahan Dini dan Dampaknya bagi Pelakunya. YUDISIA : Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum Dan Hukum Islam, 7(2), 385–411.

Nurseha, & Pertiwi, W. E. (2019). Determinan Pernikahan Dini di Desa Semendaran Kota Cilegon. Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan, 15(1), 22–35.

Potard, C., Courtois, R., Réveillère, C., Bréchon, G., & Courtois, A. (2014). The relationship between parental attachment and sexuality in early adolescence. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 22(1), 47–56.

Pratama, E., Hayati, S., & Supriatin, E. (2014). Hubungan Pengetahuan Remaja tentang Pendidikan Seks dengan Perilaku Seks Pranikah Pada Remaja di Sma Z Kota Bandung. Jurnal Keperawatan BSI, 2(2).

PUSKAPA. (2020). Pencegahan Perkawinan Anak: Percepatan yang Tidak Bisa Ditunda - PUSKAPA. Retrieved February 7, 2022, from

Rahman, S., & Butt, Y. (2016). Parental Attachment and Peer Attachment Bonds with the Identity Development during Late Adolescence. Sociology and Criminology, 4(2), 154.

Tekile, A. K., Woya, A. A., & Basha, G. W. (2020). Determinants of early marriage among female children in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. African Health Sciences, 20(3), 1190.

Tsany, F. (2017). Trend Pernikahan Dini di Kalangan Remaja (Studi Kasus Di Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta Tahun 2009-2012). Jurnal Sosiologi Agama, 9(1), 83–103.

UNFPA. (2012a). Child Marriage: A Violation of Human Rights & A Deterrent to Development. Marrying Too Young: End Child Marriage. New York: The United Nations Population Fund New York. Retrieved from

UNFPA. (2012b). Marrying too young End Child Marriage. New York: The United Nations Population Fund New York, USA.

Wijayanti, N., Haenilah, E., & Fatmawati, N. (2018). Hubungan Ikatan (Bonding) Orang Tua dengan Penanaman Sikap Tanggung Jawab Anak. Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood, 1(1).



How to Cite

Masruroh, M., Susanto, A., & Mindarsih, E. (2022). CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG WOMEN PERFORMING EARLY MARRIAGE. GEMA KESEHATAN, 14(1), 19–26.



Research article